The following authors reviewed and condensed a vast amount of knowledge and literature for the 73 chapters in this edition of Present Knowledge in Nutrition.

The time and energy they dedicated to the book’s completion is recognized with deep appreciation.

Peter J. Aggett
School of Health and Medicine
Lancaster University
Lancaster
United Kingdom
Janice Albert
Nutrition and Consumer Protection Division
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome
Italy
Lindsay H. Allen
USDA-ARS Western Human Nutrition Research Center
University of California, Davis
Davis, California
USA
John J.B. Anderson
Department of Nutrition
Gillings School of Global Public Health
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
USA
Arne Astrup
Faculty of Science
University of Copenhagen
Frederiksberg
Denmark
Thiane G. Axelsson
Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology
Karolinska Intitutet – Divisions of Baxter Novum and Renal Medicine
Stockholm
Sweden
Lynn B. Bailey
Department of Foods and Nutrition
University of Georgia
Athens, Georgia
USA
Joseph L. Baumert
Department of Food Science and Technology
University of Nebraska
Lincoln, Nebraska
USA
Prasad Bellur
Monsanto Research Center
Bangalore
India
Claire E. Berryman
Department of Nutritional Sciences
Pennsylvania State University
University Park, Pennsylvania
USA
Lucien Bettendorff
GIGA – Neurosciences
University of Liège
Liège
Belgium
Sekhar Boddupalli
Monsanto Vegetable Seeds
Woodland, California
USA
Annalies Borrel
Office of Emergency Programmes – Humanitarian Policy and Advocacy
UNICEF
New York, New York
USA
Jennie Brand-Miller
Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise, and Eating Disorders
University of Sydney Sydney
Australia
Roette R. Briefel
Mathematica Policy Research
Washington, DC
USA
Alan L. Buchman
Department of Medicine
Feinberg School of Medicine
Northwestern University
Chicago, Illinois
USA
Louise M. Burke
Sports Nutrition Australian Institute of Sport
Belconnen
Australia
Leah E. Cahill
Department of Nutrition
Harvard School of Public Health
Boston, Massachusetts
USA
Philip C. Calder
Institute of Human Nutrition
Faculty of Medicine
University of Southampton General Hospital
Southampton
United Kingdom
Robert Carter, III
Military Nutrition Division
US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine
Natick, Massachusetts
USA
Krista Casazza
Department of Nutrition Sciences
The University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama
USA
Marie A. Caudill
Division of Nutritional Sciences
Cornell University
Ithaca, New York
USA

Samuel N. Cheuvront

Military Nutrition Division
US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine
Natick, Massachusetts
USA

Michal Chmielewski

Department of Nephrology, Transplantology, and Internal Medicine Medical University of Gdansk
Gdansk
Poland

Dallas L. Clouatre
Glykon Technologies Group, LLC
Santa Monica, California
USA
Paul M. Coates
Office of Dietary Supplements
National Institutes of Health
Bethesda, Maryland
USA
Stephen Colagiuri
Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise, and Eating Disorders
University of Sydney Sydney
Australia
Karen D. Corbin
UNC Nutrition Research Institute
Department of Nutrition
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Kannapolis, North Carolina
USA
Joseph Cornelius
Monsanto Company
St. Louis, Missouri
USA
Vanessa R. da Silva
Department of Foods and NutritionUniversity of Georgia
Athens, Georgia
USA
Sai Krupa Das
Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging
Tufts University
Boston, Massachusetts
USA
Jeanne H.M. de Vries
Division of Nutrition
Wageningen University
Wageningen
The Netherlands
Alan M. Diamond
Department of Pathology
University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, Illinois
USA
Kelly A. Dougherty
Department of Pediatrics
The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
USA
Adam Drewnowski
School of Public Health and Community Medicine
University of Washington
Seattle, Washington
USA
Johanna T. Dwyer
Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging
Tufts University
Boston, Massachusetts
and Office of Dietary Supplements
National Institutes of Health
Bethesda, Maryland
USA
Ahmed El-Sohemy
Department of Nutritional Sciences
University of Toronto
Toronto, Ontario
Canada
Guylaine Ferland
Centre de recherché Institute universitaire de gériatrie de MontréalUniversité de Montréal
Montréal, Québec
Canada
James Fleet
Department of Foods and Nutrition
Purdue University
West Lafayette, Indiana
USA
Michael R. Flock
Department of Nutritional Sciences
Pennsylvania State University
University Park, Pennsylvania
USA
Edward A. Frongillo
Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior
University of South Carolina, Columbia
Columbia, South Carolina
USA
Amy Gorin
Department of Psychology
University of Connecticut
Storrs, Connectticut
USA
Jesse F. Gregory, III
Food Science and Human Nutrition Department
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida
USA
Kristina A. Harris
Department of Nutrition Sciences
Pennsylvania State University
University Park, Pennsylvania
USA
Robert P. Heaney
Creighton University Medical Center
Omaha, Nebraska
USA
Helen L. Henry
Department of Biotechnology
University of California
Riverside, California
USA
William C. Heird
Department of Pediatrics
USDA-ARS Children’s Nutrition Research Center
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas
USA
Daniell B. Hill
Center for Translational Research
Department of Medicine
University of Louisville
Louisville, Kentucky
USA
Simone D. Holligan
Department of Nutritional Sciences
Pennsylvania State University
University Park, Pennsylvania
USA
Roberta A. Holt
Department of Nutrition University of California, Davis
Davis, California
USA
Lindsay M. Jaacks
Department of Nutrition
Gillings School of Global Public Health
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
USA
Wei Jia
Department of Nutrition
University of North Carolina at Greensboro
North Carolina Research Campus
Kannapolis, North Carolina
USA
Elizabeth J. Johnson
Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging
Tufts University
Boston, Massachusetts
USA
Ian T. Johnson
Institute of Food Research
Norwich Research Park
Colney
United Kingdom
Carol S. Johnston
Nutrition Program
College of Nursing and Health Innovation
Arizona State University
Phoenix, Arizona
USA
Alexandra M. Johnstone
Rowett Institute of Nutrition and Health
Aberdeen
United Kingdom
Peter J.H. Jones
Richardson Centre for Functional Foods
University of Manitoba
Winnipeg, Manitoba
Canada
Jaya Joshi
Monsanto Research Center
Bangalore
India
Carl L. Keen
Department of Nutrition
University of California, Davis
Davis, California
USA
Robert W. Kenefick
Military Nutrition Division
US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine
Natick, Massachusetts
USA
James B. Kirkland
Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences
College of Biological Science
University of Guelph
Guelph, Ontario
Canada
Penny M. Kris-Etherton
Department of Nutrition Sciences
Pennsylvania State University
University Park, Pennsylvania
USA
Toshinobu Kuroishi
Department of Nutrition and health Sciences
University of Nebraska – Lincoln
Lincoln, Nebraska
USA
Alice H. Lichtenstein
Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging
Tufts University
Boston, Massachusetts
USA
Shantala Lakkanna
Monsanto Research Center
Bangalore
India
Bengt Lindholm
Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology
Karolinska Intitutet – Divisions of Baxter Novum and Renal Medicine
Stockholm
Sweden
Brian L. Lindshield
Department of Human Nutrition
Kansas State University
Manhattan, Kansas
USA
Joanne R. Lupton
Department of Nutrition and Food Science
Texas A&M University, College Station
College Station, Texas
USA

Asim Maqbool

Department of Pediatrics
Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
USA

Luis Marsano
Department of Medicine
Center for Translational Research
University of Louisville
Louisville, Kentucky
USA
Elizabeth J. Mayers-Davis
Department of Nutrition
Gillings School of Global Public Health
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
USA
Craig J. McCain
Department of Medicine
Center for Translational Research
University of Louisville
Louisville, Kentucky
USA
Stephen A. McClave
University of Louisville School of Medicine
Louisville, Kentucky
USA
Donald B. McCormick
Department of Biochemistry and Program in Nutrition and Health Science
Rollins Research Center
Emory University
Atlanta, Georgia
USA
Margaret A. McDowell
Division of Nutrition Research and Coordination
National Institutes of Health
Bethesda, Maryland
USA
Joshua W. Miller
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
University of Davis Medical Center
Sacramento, California
USA
John A. Milner
Nutritional Sciences Research Group
National Cancer Institute
Rockville, Maryland
USA
Pablo Monsivais
UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research
Cambridge Institute for Public Health
Cambridge
United Kingdom
Scott J. Montain
Military Nutrition Division
US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine
Natick, Massachusetts
USA
Tim R. Nagy
Department of Nutrition Sciences
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama
USA
Marguerite A. Neill
The Warren Alpert Medical SchoolBrown University
Providence, Rhode Island
USA
Holly Nicastro
Nutritional Sciences Research Group
National Cancer Institute
Rockville, Maryland
USA
Forrest H. Nielsen
Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center
USDA-ARS-NPA
Grand Forks, North Dakota
USA
Anthony W. Norman
Department of Biochemistry and Division of Biomedical Sciences
University of California
Riverside, California
USA
Marga C. Ocké
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment
Bilthoven
The Netherlands
Thomas M. O’Connell
LipoScience, Inc.
Raleigh, North Carolina
USA
Christine M. Olson
Division of Nutritional Sciences
Cornell University
Ithaca, New York
USA
Andrea A. Papamandjaris
Nestlé, Inc.
Medical and Scientific Unit
New York, Ontario
Canada
Elizabeth P. Parks
Department of Pediatrics
Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
USA
Sue Pedersen
LMC Endocrinology Centre
Calgary, Alberta
Canada
David L. Pelletier
Division of Nutrition Sciences
Cornell University
Ithaca, New York
USA
W. Todd Penberthy
Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology
University of Central Florida College of Medicine
Orlando, Florida
USA
Paul B. Pencharz
Department of Pediatrics and Nutritional Sciences
Research Institute
The Hospital for Sick Children
University of Toronto
Toronto, Ontario
Canada
Barry M. Popkin
Department of Nutrition
Carolina Population Center
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
USA
Harry G. Preuss
Department of Biochemistry
Georgetown University Medical Center
Washington, DC
USA
Joseph R. Prohaska
Department of Biomedical Sciences
University of Minnesota Medical School Duluth
Duluth, Minnesota
USA
Charles J. Rebouche (retired)
Department of Pediatrics
University of Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa
USA
Patrick Ritz
Gérontopôle de Toulouse
Unité de Nutrition
Toulouse
France
Susan B. Roberts
Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging
Tufts University
Boston, Massachusetts
USA
Robert B. Rucker
Department of Nutrition
University of California, Davis
Davis, California
USA
Katelyn A. Russell
Food Science and Human Nutrition Department
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida
USA
Kate Sadler
Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy
Tufts University
Medford, Massachusetts
USA
Lisa M. Sanders
Kellogg Company
Battle Creek, Michigan
USA
Thomas A.B. Sanders
Diabetes and Nutritional Sciences Division
School of Medicine
King’s College London
LondonUnited Kingdom
Michael N. Sawka
Military Nutrition Division
US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine
Natick, Massachusetts
USA
Marion Secher
Gérontopôle de Toulouse
Unité de Nutrition
Toulouse
France
Andres Sjödin
Faculty of Science
University of Copenhagen
Frederiksberg
Denmark
Sally P. Stabler
Division of Hematology
University of Colorado School of Medicine
Denver, Colorado
USA
Virginia A. Stallings
Department of Pediatrics
Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
USA
Noel W. Solomons
Center for Studies of Sensory Impairment
Sensory Impairment, Aging and Metabolism (CeSSIAM)
Guatemala City
Guatemala
Susan E. Steck
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
University of South Carolina – Columbia
Columbia, South Carolina
USA
Paolo M. Suter
Clinic and Policlinic of Internal Medicine
University Hospital
Zurich
Switzerland
Deborah Tate
Department of Health Behavior and Nutrition
Gillings School of Global Public Health
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
USA
Robert V. Tauxe
Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases
National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Atlanta, Georgia
USA
Steve L. Taylor
Department of Food Science and Technology
University of Nebraska
Lincoln, Nebraska
USA
Emily N. Terry
Department of Pathology
University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, Illinois
USA
Maret G. Traber
School of Biological and Population Health Studies
Linus Pauling Institute
Oregon State University
Corvallis, Oregon
USA
Federico Tripodi
Monsanto Company
St. Louis, Missouri
USA
Janet Y. Uriu-Adams
Department of Nutrition
University of California, Davis
Davis, California
USA
Wija A. van Staveren
Division of Human Nutrition
WU Agrotechnology and Food Sciences
Wageningen University
Wageningen
The Netherlands
Bruno Vellas
Gérontopôle de Toulouse
Unité de Nutrition
Toulouse
France
Rohini Vishwanathan
Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging
Tufts University
Boston, Massachusetts
USA
Stella Lucia Volpe
Department of Nutrition Sciences
Drexel University College of Nursing and Health Professions
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
USA
Li Wang
Department of Nutrition Sciences
Pennsylvania State University
University Park, Pennsylvania
USA
Robert A. Waterland
Departments of Pediatrics and Molecular & Human Genetics
USDA/ARS Children’s Nutrition Research Center
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, TX
USA
Connie M. Weaver
Department of Nutrition Science
Purdue University
West Lafayette, Indiana
USA
Robert Weisell (retired)
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Ariccia
Italy
Subhashinee S.K. Wijeratne
University of Nebraska – Lincoln
Lincoln, Nebraska
USA
Gary Williamson
School of Food Science and Nutrition
University of Leeds
Leeds
United Kingdom
Rena Wing
The Miriam Hospital
Alpert Medical School
Brown University
Providence, Rhode Island
USA
Judith Wylie-Rosett
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Jack and Pearl Resnick Campus
New York, New York
USA
Parveen Yaqoob
Food and Nutritional Sciences
University of Reading
Reading
United Kingdom
Helen Young
Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy
Feinstein International Center
Tufts University
Medford, Massachusetts
USA
Steven H. Zeisel
UNC Nutrition Research Institute
Department of Nutrition
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Kannapolis, North Carolina
USA
Janos Zempleni
Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences
University of Nebraska – Lincoln
Lincoln, Nebraska
USA
Vivian M. Zhao
Nutrition and Metabolic Support Service and Department of Pharmaceutical Services
Emory University Hospital
Atlanta, Georgia
USA
Thomas B. Ziegler
Nutrition and Metabolic Support Service and Emory University School of Medicine
Emory University HospitalAtlanta, Georgia
USA
Michael B. Zimmermann
Laboratory for Human Nutrition
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich
Zürich
Switzerland